Greek Suffixes and Their Meanings

Verbs

Ending Meaning
αω
εω
ευω
Action or State (do or be)
αινω
υνω
Causation (except mental action)
αζω Frequentative or Intensive
ιζω Causation, Active, becoming, or Instrumental
σειω Desire
σκω
σκε
Inceptive (making, becoming, beginning)

Nouns

Ending Meaning
της
τηρ
τωρ
ευς
ισσα (feminine)
Agent
σις
μος
Action or Quality
τρον Instrumental
μα
εια
ος
Result of actions or thing itself
οτης
ια
συνη
ος
Quality
ιον
ισκος
Diminutive
τηριον
ειον
Place or Manner
ολος
ωλος
ος
Chief Character or Custom, Abundance

Adjectives

Ending Meaning
ιος
ια
ιον
Possession, Attributive or Local
ικος
ικη
ικον
Pertaining to or Character of Ability or Fitness
ιμος
ιμη
ιμον
Ability or Fitness
ινος
ινη
ινον
σος
Material
ρος
ρα
ρον
Complete possession or Quality
ης
ες
Correlative to noun (cf. Lie -lying)
μων
μοω
Attributive action of verb to person
τεος
τεα
τεον
Obligation or intent
τος
τη
Possibility or Actuality