Prepositions

A word placed typically before a noun or pronoun used in place of a noun and indicates the relationships of that noun or pronoun to a verb, an adjective, or another noun or pronoun.

Prepositions Used with One Case

Accusative

ἀνά

up, again

Ablative

ἀπό

from, away from

Ablative

ἐκ

from, out from (source), out from within

Accusative

είς

into, unto, with reference to, because of, against (hostility)

Ablative

πρό

before

Prepositions Used with Two Case

Ablative

Genitive

ἀντί

instead of- substitution

Against (opposed to)

Locative

Instrumental

ἐν

in, with in, among (in the plural)

by (means of), with

Genitive

Accusative

μετά

with (loosely associated with, accompanied by)

after

Genitive

Accusative

περί

about, generally concerning

around (position)

about (Specifically concerning)

Dative

Locative

σύν

together with (intimately)

with (close association)

Genitive

Accusative

ὑπέρ

On behalf of, for the sake of, in place of (substitution)

over, above, beyond

Ablative

Accusative

ὑπο

by (Direct agency)

under

Prepositions Used with Three Case

Genitive

Locative

Accusative

ἐπί

upon, on (Emphatic, contact), at, by

upon, on, at, over (position)

Upon, on the basis of, on the occasion of, against (oppression). Up to (without going over)

Ablative

Genitive

Accusative

διά

possibly – through (source)

Through (intermediate agency)

on account of, because of

Ablative

Genitive

Accusative

κατά

down from

down upon, against (contrary to)

according to, with reference to, as measured by

Ablative

Locative

Accusative

παρά

From (The side of)

by the side of

Beside, beyond, against, (contrary to)

Genitive

Locative

Accusative

πρός

in interest of

at (facing)

to, towards, with, against (facing, conflict)