The Accusative Case
The case of limitation or extension.
The Accusative of Direct Object
The most common use of the Accusative is as the object of a transitive verb (a verb whose action passes over to the noun). This use is also described as the Accusative with Transitive Verbs.
The Adverbial Accusative
In this use, the Accusative limits in an indirect way. It functions as an adverbial modifier. It modifies a verb rather than serving as a direct object. It is sometimes referred to as “the Accusative of General Reference.” This is not very common in the N.T. except in the case of the pure adverb.
The Adverbial Accusative of Measure
The word in the Accusative indicates how the action of the verb takes place. It answers the question “how?”.