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The Imperative Mood

The mood of command or entreaty – the mood of volition.

The Imperative of Command or Strong Suggestion

The imperative, which is the mood of ascertaining of one’s will over another, is the normal mood for a command or a strong suggestion.

When the Present Imperative is used as a command or strong suggestion, it denotes an appeal to continue, or keep on doing something that is already in progress. It may express an urgency to do it now.

The Prohibitive Imperative

This use differs from the “Imperative of Command” only in the presence of the negative μή. This use employs the Present Imperative to prohibit the continuation of an action already in progress. You are to “stop doing” something.

The Imperative of Entreaty

This use of the Imperative denotes a request. It does have the force of urgency.

The Imperative of Permission

The third person Imperative is used to denote the desire for permission. In translation it may require an auxiliary verb “let”. The command signified by the Imperative may be in compliance with an expressed desire or a manifest inclination on the part of the one who is the object of the command, thus involving consent as well as command.

The Imperative of Concession or Condition

While similar to the “Imperative of Permission”, this use moves a step further to concession. This construction may have two imperatives joined together by καί when the first suggests a concessive idea. It suggests an inclination on the part of the persons addressed to do the thing mentioned.

The Imperative of Asyndeton

Asyndeton is “the practice of leaving out the conjunction between coordinating sentence elements.” It is a common idiom in Greek to have an Imperative with another Imperative without a conjunction.

Imperative = Strong […]


Why the Great Commission is not so Great

At the end of the book of Matthew it is recorded that Jesus instructed His disciples to go and make disciples. As a result of this command, this verse has been used as the battle cry for missionaries. Taking the gospel around the world! However, the verse does not actually say that, and when we understand what it in fact states, we see that the Great Commission diminishes what Jesus said.

From the ESV, although most modern translations are basically the same, Matthew 28:19 states, “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” This is basically the same translation as the King James version even though the ESV claims to take the original language into account. Why is this important? Let us walk through the original statement so we can see.

When it comes to translating Scripture from the original Greek, we need to pay attention to the type of verb that is being expressed. For commands, we typically find these in the imperative. Therefore, it is necessary, urgent, or required that we do the statement. In Matthew 28:19 “Go”, in our translations, is expressing an imperative. However, there is an issue with this, because the word for “go” is not in the imperative in the original language; rather, it is the word “make disciples” that is the imperative. So why does this matter? Well, you see, the disciples were not commanded to “Go”, they were commanded to “make disciples”. Is not the meaning basically the same? Actually, it is not. Let us look at the word “Go” and see. “Go” is not a normal verb, it is actually a participle. […]

Why the Great Commission is not so Great2023-12-14T08:35:56-08:00



Originally penned by the Apostle Paul through the leading of the Holy Spirit

Translation by Pastor Luther Walker

Copyright © 2021 by Luther Walker. All Rights Reserved


This translation is intended to give a clear understanding of the original language, taking into consideration all available manuscripts to reproduce the original letter Paul wrote to the Colossians. The original language should always be considered the only authority by which each word, phrase, and all other parts of speech are based upon. Where additional information is needed to better explain the meaning and use of a word, a footnote has been added.

Because the book of Colossians was originally a letter, it has been returned to its original form to reduce confusion to the reader by breaks in the middle of sentences and concepts caused by the addition of chapters and verses. However, to ensure ease in finding sections within the letter while still avoiding breaking the original form of the letter, the chapters and verses have been superscripted along with the addition of paragraphs and punctuations. Brackets and paratheses are used for clarification within the text.

Written by Paul in 62 A.D. from prison in Rome.

1.1Paul an apostle of Jesus Christ through the desirous will of God and brother Timothy, 1.2 to the saints even faithful brethren in Christ in Colossae, grace to you and peace from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

1.3 We give thanks to God the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, worshiping[1] always concerning you 1.4 after hearing of your faith in Christ Jesus and the love which you have unto all the saints 1.5 because of the hope laid up for you in […]


Subjunctive Mood

The Subjunctive Mood

Denotes that which is objectively possible, contingent upon certain existing and known facts.

The Hortatory Subjunctive

The speaker or writer uses the first person plural to exhort others to join with him in an action. It is translated “let us.” Here the subjunctive may be used in a main clause to express exhortation, request, or proposal, thus supplying the lack of the first person in the imperative mood.

The Subjunctive of Prohibition


This use nearly always employs the second person aorist subjunctive to express a negative entreaty or command. It forbids the beginning of an act and may be translated “don’t even start…”. The third person may be used with dependent clauses of fear or warning in addition to prohibition.

The Deliberative Subjunctive

This use denotes perplexity on the part of the writer or speaker. He uses the subjunctive to express a question which is either a simple rhetorical device which expects no answer at all, or a real question which expects an answer in the imperative mood.

The Subjunctive of Emphatic Negation

The double negative οὐ μή is employed for special stress. It is the strongest way to negate a future activity.

The Final Subjunctive

In this use the subjunctive occurs in a subordinate clause to express purpose. This usual construction employs ἳνα, However occasionally ὃπως or ὣς is used.

When the present subjunctive is used the action of the verb is prolonged or repeated.

When the aorist is used a single action is described or there is no stress on the continuation of the activity.

When the perfect subjunctive is used the completed state of the probable action is emphasized.

The Probable Future Subjunctive

Subjunctive Mood2023-12-11T12:17:37-08:00
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