The Nature of God
God is the Сreator and Sustainer of all things, seen and unseen1. He is self-existing, one, and immense 2. He is eternal and unchangeable in His nature3. His essence is Spirit and His attributes are omnipotent, omniscient, holy (set apart), righteous, goodness, love, and truth4 . God exists in a trinity of three distinct inseparable Persons; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit5 . All three Persons share the same essence and attributes. In the Godhead, all three Persons are equal6.
God the Father
This Person of the Godhead is revealed to us as the one that is the ultimate source of all things; all things are out from the Father.1
God the Father’s Fatherhood Relationship
God the Father’s fatherhood relationship to God the Son shows that they are equal in nature while the Son can be voluntarily submissive to the Father in carrying out the decree2. This Person of the Godhead displays the fatherhood type of relationship that He has to spirit beings as well as saved and unsaved mankind 3. The Fatherhood relationship shows that God is the source of all things.
His Past and Present Work
He sent the Son to be a propitiation (satisfaction) for the sins of the world4. The Father is the one that forgives the sins of the Christian5 . The majority of the Christian’s communication is addressed to the Father6. Grace, peace, mercy and love (He is the ultimate source) come from the Father to the Christian7. Through Christ’s death, the universe has been reconciled to Him8. He declares the believer righteous9 The Father is the one that receives the payment for redemption.
God the Son
This Person of the Godhead is revealed to us as the Lord Jesus Christ, the one through whom all things were made1.
The Deity of Jesus
The Second Person of the Godhead, at the time predetermined by the council of God, came to be found in the outward form of a human2. When God the Son took on a human nature, He in no way diminished His existence as God. Only the outward appearance was changed to the similarity of a man’s appearance3. God the Father and Jesus attested to Jesus’ Deity while He was on earth4. In the incarnation, The Son of God joined His Person with the nature of a human. This human nature was divinely conceived in a virgin. He lived a sinless life, died a substitutionary death for all men, was buried and rose bodily from the grave on the third day 5.
The Cross Work of Jesus
On the cross, Jesus was separated for a time both physically from his human body, for the sins of mankind, and spiritually from God the Father, for the sin nature of mankind6. After having died, Jesus was raised out from among dead men because of the justification of those who believe7. Through His death, He reconciled the whole universe unto God and He paid for the sins of the whole world8.
Christ’s Present Work
Christ, who is both God and man, is presently seated at the right hand of the Father where He intercedes on behalf of the saint as the saint’s High Priest9. He is the Head of the Church and indwells the believer10 .He imparts eternal life to the believer11.
God the Holy Spirit
This Person of the Godhead is revealed to us as the Holy Spirit1. He was the One that garnished the heavens 2. He is equal with the other Persons of the Godhead and therefore is fully God and eternal3.
The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
In the Old Testament, the Holy Spirit would come upon and leave individuals, at His own choosing, causing them to prophecy, or to mentally control them to perform a task for God4.
The Work of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament
The Holy Spirit indwells a believer5. He makes up where the Christian is lacking in regards to the fruit of the Spirit; He is the enabler who makes up for the lack of the Christian in their ability to use the fruit of the Spirit6. He is the guarantee of the full redemption for believers7. He seals believers8. He places believers into The body of Christ when they first believe through Spiritual baptism9. He convicts the world of sin, righteousness and judgment10. He helps the infirmities of believers11. He presides over the church in government, preaching and worship12. He presently resides upon the earth13. He teaches believers by comparing spiritual things with spiritual words14. He restrains the man of lawlessness until after the rapture15.
Prior to creation, the Godhead has a council through which the decree was set. The decree is the plan determined by God to be fulfilled in and through creation7. In the carrying out of the decree, each Person of the Godhead voluntarily submits to other members of the Godhead. This does not make one Person less than the other Persons. This submission is only in carrying out the decree8.
1 Ephesians 4:6; Hebrews 11:3; Colossians 1:16, 17
2 John 5:26; Deuteronomy 6:4; John 4:24; Psalm 139:7-16; 1 Corinthians 8:6, Romans 16:25
3 James 1:17
4 Psalm 139:1-16; Jeremiah 32:17; Psalm 22:3; 2 Chronicles 12:6; Matthew 19:17; Mark 10:18;1 John 4: 6-8; John 15:2
5 Matthew 28:19; Titus 2:13; Acts 5:3,4; 2 Corinthians 1:3
6 Deuteronomy 6:4; Mark 12:29; Galatians 3:20; John 10:30
7 Ephesians 1:4, 11
8 Matthew 26:39; John 16:13
1 I Corinthians 8:6
2 John 1:1,2; 5:18; 17:5, 24; Hebrews 1:5, 6
3 Job 1:6; Luke 3:38; Malachi 2:10; Acts 17:29; 1 John 3:9
4 John 3:16; Romans 3:25; 1 John 2:2
5 1 John 1:9
6 Philippians 4:6; Ephesians 5:20
7 Romans 1:7; Ephesians 6:23; 2 John 1:3
82 Corinthians 5:19
1 1 Corinthians 8:6; Colossians 1:16-19
2 Luke 1:35
3Philippians 2:8; Galatians 4:4; John 1:1,14
4 John 10:30; Matthew 3:17
5 Luke 1:31-35; Hebrews 4:15; 1 Corinthians 15:1-4; 2 Corinthians 5:14
6 Romans 3:25, 26; 1 John 2:2; Acts 20:28; Romans 6:10; 1 Peter 2:24; Isaiah 53:9 (Deaths in the Hebrew)
7 Romans 4:25
8 1 John 2:1, 2; 2 Corinthians 5:19
9 Acts 2:32-36; Hebrews 8:1; 9:25
10 Ephesians 1:22, 23; Colossians 1:27; 2 Corinthians 5:17; 1 Corinthians 12:12,13; 1 John 5:11, 12
1 Acts 5:3,4
2 Job 26:13
3Acts 5:3, 4
4 1 Samuel 10:10;2 Chronicles 15:1
5 John 14:17; Romans 8:9, 11; 1 Corinthians 6:19
6 Ephesians 5:18
7 Ephesians 1:14; 2 Corinthians 1:22
8 Ephesians 1:13
9 1 Corinthians 12:12, 13
10 John 16:8-11
11 Romans 8:26
12 Acts 20:28; 4:8-12; Ephesians 6:18
13 John 14:16, 26; 15:26
14 1 John 2:20; 1 Corinthians 2:13 (in the Greek)
15 2 Thessalonians 2:7